Skálholt, a farm and a church, the seat of bishops 1056-1796, a school after the Reformation and intermittently in Catholic times.
A printing press was operated there for several years. Many historical events are connected with Skálholt, such as the execution of the last Catholic bishop, Jón Arason, along with two of his sons in 1550. A memorial has been erected on the spot where Jón Arason was beheaded.
A new cathedral has been built and decorated with important works by Icelandic artists. A tomb of the bishops and a related museum is there, and a large collection of books is preserved in the tower. A Visitor Centre.