Iceland Road Guide

English ... Íslenska ... Deutsch ...
Sitemap  |  Contact  |  Ads

Places

Askja

Press the
buttons!
Coordinates: ISN93 603213.2 E, 507199.84 N
Lat: 0°, Lon: 0°

Askja, a 50 km2 caldera in the Dyngjufjöll mountains. The bottom, about 1,100 m above sea level, is mostly covered with rough lava.

In the southeast corner, in a smaller caldera is the lake, Öskjuvatn, 217 m deep, and thus the second deepest lake in Iceland. The caldera and the lake were formed in the eruption of 1875, when there was a tremendous explosion in the small crater Víti (“Hell”) on the northeastern shore of Öskjuvatn.

This eruption produced more ash than any other eruption in Iceland, covering much of eastern Iceland, so that many farms had to be abandoned.

This was a major cause of the emigrations to North America (see Road 77, Hofsós). There have been many other eruptions in Askja, the latest in 1961 when lava flowed from Öskjuop, the craters now named Vikraborgir.

In 1907 two Germans, Walther von Knebel and Max Rudloff, were lost, presumed drowned in Öskjuvatn, while doing research at Askja.

Víti

    Our Products

    Our Products

    Search

    Place


    Services




     

    Book

    Iceland Road Guide

    Your key to Iceland in one handy volume. Iceland's entire road system, including the highlands and all mountain roads, plus its geography, culture and history. Easy to use for travel in either direction.

    Read book

    Where to buy

    Copyright © Vegahandbókin ehf.
    Base map copyright © LMI
    Layout based on YAML.