Neskaupstaður, the 2nd biggest town in eastern Iceland, built on the land of the farm Nes, originally settled by Egill rauði (“the red”). Fishing and allied industries, trading, and some farming. Authorized trading place since 1929.

In a distinguished building from 1924, the Museum House, Safnahúsið, houses three separate art, folk and natural science museums, all under the same roof and beautifully situated in the town center next to the port area. Outside the town is a public park, a nature reserve.

On December 20th, 1974, an avalanche fell on Neskaupstaður, killing 12.